3D Printing of Architectural Facades 3D Printing of Tropical Facade Elements by Studio Florian Schatz

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DESIGN DETAILS
DESIGN NAME:
3D Printing of Architectural Facades

PRIMARY FUNCTION:
3D Printing of Tropical Facade Elements

INSPIRATION:
How can the building skin be 3D printed? The facade is one of the most important yet complex components of a building. In the hot and humid environment of the tropics, the perforated skin of a building takes the central role to permit cross ventilation, to give shade and to protect from rain. Performance, form and structure are the focus of developing different typologies of facades using 3D printing.

UNIQUE PROPERTIES / PROJECT DESCRIPTION:
The design capitalises on new additive manufacturing technology, reinventing facade systems for the structural tropical envelope? 150 Different prototypes of the tropical envelope are responding to shading, ventilation, climate and vertical greening for high rise buildings and industrial estates. 3D printing allows using complex forms and functional integration, designed in tangent with passive principles of the tropics.

OPERATION / FLOW / INTERACTION:
The project aims to approach the printing of the facade in two ways. One is to create models of complex structural forms. The other is to produce and print a complex formwork that allows prefabricating structural members in concrete. In the process, the design and research team optimises the structural system and develop the architectural form following the limitations of the 3D components. Once the structure is workable, robots can print the envelope with its repetitive spatial elements.

PROJECT DURATION AND LOCATION:
Singapore July 2016 - August 2018

PRODUCTION / REALIZATION TECHNOLOGY:
Tested prior in digital climatic simulation several facade modules have then been designed, developed and printed with PLA as scale models in 1:100 to 1:1 either as a structural element or a mould to cast modular prefabricated concrete elements parts for facade application. The result shows 3D printing as a tool for innovative design, constructive rigour and structural consequence as well as unseen expression of architectural space that leads to a unique prototype

SPECIFICATIONS / TECHNICAL PROPERTIES:
3D printer: Ultimaker 2 Basic materials: PLA for 3D Printing Facade base: 20 cm x 6cm scale 1:100 Facade height: 22 cm in 1:100 Facade Scale: 1: 100

TAGS:
3D printing, facadesystems, modular, tropical

RESEARCH ABSTRACT:
In the context of the (sub-) tropical hot and wet, environmental protection, vertical greening, cross ventilation, structure, sun and rain, performance is main criteria for a sustainable building envelope. While designing, testing, simulating, 3D printing and prototyping more than 150 models of different typologies for the tropical envelope, the project offers with 3D printing to optimise the design and construction process of tropical facades.

CHALLENGE:
The challenge lies in scaling and commercialising the research and design findings. Additive manufacturing of single structural members is slow and still very time and cost intensive. Printed models and moulds allow to test and elaborated future mock-up units as well as rethinking the printing process of an object, mould and cast. Printing structural-optimised systems, climate responsive shapes and moulds allow to experiment with structure, space and porosity and give additive manufacturing a real purpose in Architecture.

ADDED DATE:
2017-12-12 08:59:15

TEAM MEMBERS (7) :
Florian Schätz , Astrid Mayadinta , Sze Wee Ng, Sean Poon, Seth Pantalony, Zuliandi Azil and Jieyang Wu

IMAGE CREDITS:
Images and Photo Credits belong to Studio Florian Schätz, 2018

PATENTS/COPYRIGHTS:
IP and copyright belong to Florian Schätz, 2018

Visit the following page to learn more: http://www.threedeelab.com
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CLIENT/STUDIO/BRAND DETAILS
NAME:
NUS - JTC i3C

PROFILE:
Studio Florian Schätz is a design and research studio that emphasizes the design of architectural projects using additive manufacturing as a construction method. The Project Printing Architecture explores different layers of unseen structural form for the tropical building facade and develops new modular facade systems using 3D printing as a construction method to improve the performance, natural comfort and climatic resilience of residential and commercial buildings.

NOMINATION DETAILS

3d Printing of Architectural Facades 3d Printing of Tropical Facade Elements by Studio Florian Schatz is a Nominee in 3D Printed Forms and Products Design Category.

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AWARD DETAILS

3d Printing of Architectural Facades 3d Printing of Tropical Facade Elements by Studio Florian Schatz is Winner in 3D Printed Forms and Products Design Category, 2017 - 2018.



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