The Syrian refugee crisis highlighted a great need for a better kind of shelter due to unsanitary living conditions caused by poor housing from fragile tents and makeshift shelters. A more versatile shelter is needed. One that is mobile, easy to deploy and assemble, durable and secure, able to house a small family, and be modular enough to create larger structures such as a school or emergency field hospital. This shelter is Rush which stands for refugee, urgency, survival, homeless.
UNIQUE PROPERTIES / PROJECT DESCRIPTION:
A mobile, extendable, modular and multi-functional wagon that can be used as a portable refugee shelter when towed along by a single adult human being. It has a compact configuration that can accommodate a single adult person, and it can fully extend its telescopic slide out sections to provide sleeping accommodations for up to four people. In addition, the wall panels can be detached to allow its frame to conjoin with similar Rush units to create a much larger and shared accommodation.
OPERATION / FLOW / INTERACTION:
Rush is an easy shelter to assemble and use. Flat-packed Rush units are deployed by truck or airlift to a camp. Rush is assembled on site in 1 hour by 1 person using a wrench and screwdriver. Rush can be towed by 1 person. Slide out sections extend out to allow up to 4 people to sleep inside. Wall panels can detach, allowing Rush to join with other Rush units to create a shared interior space. Rush is a more versatile, modular, secure and durable option than a tent or makeshift shelter.
PROJECT DURATION AND LOCATION:
Rush was in the design and modeling phase started June 2016 in North Vancouver, Canada. The design phase has just finished in January 2017 in North Vancouver, Canada. Prototyping phase will commence in June 2017 in North Vancouver, Canada.
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PRODUCTION / REALIZATION TECHNOLOGY:
The skeleton of Rush is the lightweight, rigid aluminum frame, held together by hardened steel corner braces. Detachable, insulated wall panels made from twin-walled polycarbonate sheets and extruded aluminum are fastened to the frame with high-strength steel carriage bolts. The frame is fastened on a flatbed wagon chassis with a steerable tow arm and all-terrain wheels. Extendable slide out sections commonly seen in modern RV's permit the interior space to triple in volume.
SPECIFICATIONS / TECHNICAL PROPERTIES:
In the compact configuration (without tow arm), Width 1200 mm x Depth 2200 mm x Height 1900 mm
In the extended configuration (without tow arm), Width 3500 mm x Depth 2200 mm x Height 1900 mm
Tow arm dimensions, Width 200 mm x Depth 850 mm x Height 30mm
Refugee, Homeless, Emergency, Shelter, Survival, Modular, Housing, Community
Online research into the United Nations strategies for refugee housing was conducted it was found that there is still a vital need for a more versatile shelter option for refugees. Tents are fragile and offer little protection against harsh weather. Shipping containers are immobile and expensive. These facts are the motivation behind the design of Rush. Using 3-D modeling, simulation and dimensional analysis, an optimal design was created emphasizing community, mobility, modularity and durability.
The hardest part of designing Rush was dimensioning the overall proportions of wagon in order to maximize interior space without inhibiting the mobility. Computer simulation testing and weight calculations were conducted with varying dimensions until an optimal dimension was found. 5 factors drove the design. Quick deployment and assembly, ability to house a small family, durability to last 3 years, modularity to build communal structures, mobility for convenient land travel.
TEAM MEMBERS (1) :
Image 1: Creator John Cruz, Rush, 2017.
Image 2: Creator John Cruz, Rush with 3-layered built-in floor storage, 2017.
Image 3: Creator John Cruz, Rush with two queen-sized mattresses, 2017.
Image 4: Creator John Cruz, Rush in multiple conjoined configuration of 3 units, 2017.
Image 5: Creator John Cruz, Rush as flat-packed or assembled, 2017.
Copyright John Cruz 2017
US Patent Pending Filing No 62/470,067. John Cruz. 2017.