Budapest Metro Line M4 has been the largest infrastructure project of the city for the last decades. The architects aimed to provide attractiveness for public transportation through the new aesthetics and high architectural quality of a series of new public spaces in Budapest. This has met the expectations of the Client, Budapest Transport Ltd. DBR Metro Project Directorate, from the first moment.
UNIQUE PROPERTIES / PROJECT DESCRIPTION:
The stations of Budapest M4 can be regarded as one building of ten wings, where each wing has its own atmosphere. Palatium had a primary role in defining architectural tasks of handling spaces, functions and materials. However, five architect offices (Palatium Studio Ltd., Budapesti Muhely Ltd., Gelesz and Lenzser Ltd., Puhl and Dajka Ltd., sporaarchitects Ltd.) were responsible for the unique design of the individual stations, which are results of experiments with space, structure and light.
OPERATION / FLOW / INTERACTION:
While providing attractiveness and high quality architectural environment for public transport, the project serves sustainable urban life. The renewal of the public urban spaces on the surfaces of metro stations could bring new elements for the pedestrian network. On that way, together with other urban programs, the construction of Budapest M4 could serve as an essential element of urban renewal of the inner city areas, too.
PROJECT DURATION AND LOCATION:
The project started in 2004 with a design competition and the new metro line was opened to the public in March 2014.
FITS BEST INTO CATEGORY:
Architecture, Building and Structure Design
PRODUCTION / REALIZATION TECHNOLOGY:
Main construction technologies have been cut-and-cover boxes bordered by diaphragm walls, divided into two or more levels by horizontal beams, slabs or pressed rings. To use the possibilities of the large open spaces, there are smaller or larger openings for the natural light from the surface, ensuring that stations enjoy an atmosphere of free, airy spaces. Fairfaced concrete is used widely for the primary structures, while those elements, close to travellers are in a finer human scale.
SPECIFICATIONS / TECHNICAL PROPERTIES:
Stations of Budapest M4 Metro Line:
02 Bikas park
04 Moricz Zsigmond korter
05 Szent Gellert ter
06 Fovam ter
07 Kalvin ter
08 Rakoczi ter
09 II. Janos Pal papa ter
10 Keleti palyaudvar
The stations range between 6000-18000 square meters each.
Budapest metro, M4, fairfaced concrete, cut and cover, Fovam ter, Szent Gellert ter, Kalvin ter, Bikas Park
Research on passenger flow from and towards station exits and the most important transfer points on the surface were definitive for the general layout of metro stations.
During the design process architects made a strong effort to find optimal solutions among the requirements of construction technologies, transport technologies and the creature of artistic architectural spaces. Also the strict safety regulations especially on fire protection were a challenge to meet. Nevertheless, it was functionality that basically defined architectural solutions.
TEAM MEMBERS (29) :
Zoltan Ero, Balazs Csapo, Tamas Devenyi, Andras Gelesz, Peter Dajka, Mate Antal, Dora Bruckner, Zsolt Kosztolanyi, Peter Istvan Varga, Adam Hatvani, Tibor Dekany, Sandor Finta, Orsolya Vadasz, Adam Veres, Zoltan Toth, Laszlo Roman, Zoltan Zorkoczky, Klara Szilagyi, Biljana Jovanovics, Janos Schulek, Laszlo Kovacs, Tamas Banyai, Tamas Komoroczky, Marton Bojti, Andrea Hegedus, Gyorgy Jovanovics, Katalin Fabry, Zoltán Krizsan and others
Image #1: Photographer Tamas Bujnovszky, Kalvin ter, 2014.
Image #2: Photographer Tamas Bujnovszky, Rakoczi ter, 2014.
Image #3: Photographer Tamas Bujnovszky, Szent Gellert ter, 2014.
Image #4: Photographer Tamas Bujnovszky, Keleti palyaudvar, 2014.
Image #5: Photographer Tamas Bujnovszky, II. Janos Pal papa ter, 2014.