Chhatrapti Shivaji International Airport
Terminal 2 Building
Inspired by the form of traditional Indian pavilions, the four-story terminal stacks a grand “headhouse,” or central processing podium, on top of highly adaptable and modular concourses below. The terminal’s structural design prioritizes modular construction for economy and facilitation of an accelerated construction schedule. Just as the terminal celebrates a new global, high-tech identity for Mumbai, the structure is imbued with responses to the local setting, history, and culture. Regional patterns and textures are subtly integrated into the terminal’s architecture at all scales. From the articulated coffered treatment on the headhouse columns and roof surfaces to the intricate jali window screens that filter dappled light into the concourses, Terminal 2 demonstrates the potential for a modern airport to view tradition anew.
UNIQUE PROPERTIES / PROJECT DESCRIPTION:
Located in the heart of Mumbai, the new hub adds 4.4 million square feet of space to accommodate 40 million passengers per year. By orchestrating the complex web of passengers and planes into a design that feels intuitive and responds to the region’s rocketing growth, the new Terminal 2 asserts the airport’s place as a preeminent gateway to India. The primary design feature of the building is a long-span roof covering a total of 70 000 m2, one of the largest roofs in the world without an expansion joint. The Terminal also includes the largest and longest cable wall system in the world.
OPERATION / FLOW / INTERACTION:
The project makes a significant positive contribution to the local fabric of Mumbai. By integrating into the existing transportation fabric and by furthering connectivity through the simultaneous development of a new road network to service the airport, the terminal helps knit together the historic heart of Mumbai to the south with the city’s burgeoning peripheries to the east and north.
PROJECT DURATION AND LOCATION:
The project was completed in 2014 in Mumbai, India.
FITS BEST INTO CATEGORY:
Architecture, Building and Structure Design
PRODUCTION / REALIZATION TECHNOLOGY:
SPECIFICATIONS / TECHNICAL PROPERTIES:
The project's gross area is 450,000 square meters. The building is 45 meters tall.
India, Airports, Aviation, Innovation, Mumbai, curtain wall
The primary design feature of the building is a long-span roof covering a total of 70,000m2 over various functional requirements, making it one of the largest roofs in the world without an expansion joint. The Headhouse Roof, supported by only 30 columns, produces a large column-free space ideal for an airport. The Terminal Building also includes the largest and longest cable wall system in the world. The structural design prioritizes modular construction for economy and facilitation of an accelerated construction schedule.
The construction site of the new terminal building was located in close proximity to the existing terminal which had to remain fully operational during construction. This site requirement inspired the elongated X-shape plan of the terminal, which could both mold around existing structures and incorporate modular designs to accommodate rapid and phased construction. In response to site constraints, the megacolumns were designed to serve as primary hoist mechanisms such that the entire roof could be constructed without the use of tower cranes.
TEAM MEMBERS (15) :
Design Architect and Structural Engineer: Skidmore, Owings & Meriill LLP, Architect and Engineer of Record: Larsen & Tuobro Ltd., Client and Owner: GVK, Baggage Handling: BNP Associates, Lighting: Brandston Partnership, Inc., Acoustics: Cerami & Associates, Signage and Wayfinding: Pentagram Design, Inc. and Entro, Engineering Consultant: Mulvey & Banani International, Inc., MEP: Rolf Jensen & Associates, Vertical Transportation: Van Deusen & Associates, , , , and
All photos: © Robert Polidori | Mumbai International Airport Pvt. Ltd., Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, 2014