Bamboo was chosen because of its low cost and small ecological footprint. It grows throughout Southeast Asia and has been used in traditional small houses for many years. The idea was to utilize the material in a contemporary manner and provide a unique living environment which is safe for the many urban dwellers which have no form of permanent housing. The arcs and bends provide structural support for the dwelling making the form of the bamboo visually appealing and structurally sound.
UNIQUE PROPERTIES / PROJECT DESCRIPTION:
The concept is to create a form of transitional housing which can be constructed in existing industrial buildings in the city centre. The bamboo helps to screen and control ventilation while providing structure support and a sense of open space within a very small living environment.
OPERATION / FLOW / INTERACTION:
This is a single example of a two level dwelling with areas for sleeping, eating, bathing, cooking, and working. It is designed for a single individual or couple but can be expanded as the occupant's family grows or can be easily dismantled and re-used once permanent housing is provided
PROJECT DURATION AND LOCATION:
The first prototype was completed in December of 2013 in Hong Kong, Hong Kong, and was exhibited to public in the 2013 Hong Kong Shenzhen Bi-city Biennale.
FITS BEST INTO CATEGORY:
Architecture, Building and Structure Design
PRODUCTION / REALIZATION TECHNOLOGY:
Heat bending rattan, use of bamboo for structure and screening, unique jointing system with bamboo, ease of assembly, low-cost, sustainable materials.
SPECIFICATIONS / TECHNICAL PROPERTIES:
15 square meters, approximately 2.5 meters by 3 meters and 3.7 meters tall
Bamboo, Micro, House, Structure, Bending, Weaving
Research into the types of illegal dwellings in Hong Kong and similar cities throughout the world led to the final design. A modular system was designed which is small, flexible, easy to customise and construct, utilising many of the same techniques as existing illegal houses but safe and with more space and storage and better materials for a better quality of life.
The challenge was to design a system of construction for temporary housing which is low-cost, easy to build, and sustainable. A new method of assembling bamboo was devised using heat bending to create arc for structural support and mechanical connections so the pieces can be bolted together. This avoids the problem with traditional tying which is time consuming and difficult for people without lengthy training in knotting.
TEAM MEMBERS (8) :
Design Director- Dylan Baker-Rice, Director- Damita Yu, Lead Designer- Matthew Donkersely, Lead Designer- Sara Campagna, Design Collaborator- Cherie Cheung, Sam Ki, Jason Yeung and
All photos courtesy of Luke Hayes, Bamboo Micro-Housing, 2014