Desert Habitat House by Hani Hassan

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DESIGN DETAILS
DESIGN NAME:
Desert Habitat

PRIMARY FUNCTION:
House

INSPIRATION:
I was inspired by the Bedouin Tent, extensively used in the Middle East Desert region by local habitants, it's comfort effectiveness and versatility makes it an excellent solution for the intense desert solar radiation.

UNIQUE PROPERTIES / PROJECT DESCRIPTION:
The intervention of humankind through large scale industries, and housing expansion, increased the consumption of fossil fuels costly energy and created a catastrophic global warming effect with high impact on environment. This single family home address the design of a sustainable dwelling to be built in Jericho, Palestine as a good response to the challenge of the expensive use of electricity generated from fossil fuels in Palestine, inserting a new architectural vision into the ecological balance of a locality. The cumulative effects of developing Green Buildings will create very positive impact on the environment and local economy. This design was conducted in Jericho – Jordan Valley, on a private owned land, based on the local climate data, and recycled building materials. The design applied strategies of Total shading, use of recycled stone, recycled gray water management, Photovoltaic panels and Thermal solar. The design performance obtained positive results, the passive cooling system, and building thermal mass achieved 42% energy savings. The Plants and nature integration was one of main design factors to maintain weather and nature interacted with the dwelling.

OPERATION / FLOW / INTERACTION:
I believe that in desert environment the total shading architecture is a key issue in the design, not only for small buildings, but can be developed for big projects such as schools , hospitals,, etc. because it creates shaded and protected outside spaces, it also protects the roof building from solar radiation avowing heat losses, and taking advantage from solar radiation to produce power.

PROJECT DURATION AND LOCATION:
The Project will start in June 2014 in Jericho, Jordan valley, Palestine, and finished in December 2014.

FITS BEST INTO CATEGORY:
Architecture, Building and Structure Design

PRODUCTION / REALIZATION TECHNOLOGY:
Basically the design was based on local recycled stone, collected from quarries to be used in walls, and 40 mm 25% Light transmission thermal polycarbonate for total shading supported by steel structure, low heat absorption material for pool deck. the comfort temperature was achieved through wind chimneys located between partitions for passive cooling taking advantage of cross ventilation and thermal mass.

SPECIFICATIONS / TECHNICAL PROPERTIES:
House Area 160 m2. Dimension Width 8 mm x Depth 20 mm built from Recycled local stone and concrete. the Top Roof Area 300 m2, from 40 mm Thermal polycarbonate, supported by Steel Structure.

TAGS:
Desert House, Desert Dwelling, Total Shading Architecture, Desert & Sun Sustainable Dwelling, environmental Architecture.

RESEARCH ABSTRACT:
before we started the design, we collected weather data registered during the last 20 years, in order to define initial design vision, to respond to the desert heat, and to take advantage of the microclimate in the area. we also visited many quarries in the Palestinian Territories, where local stone is produced massively for the building industry, through our research we found that thousands of M3 of unused stone can be recycled to minimize the environmental damage of quarries in the area. this was the start point of our design.

CHALLENGE:
the design of a light top roof element was a very challenging obstacle, large spans was a key issue architectonically and financially , Cost Effectiveness was our goal.

ADDED DATE:
2013-12-11 07:50:44

TEAM MEMBERS (1) :


IMAGE CREDITS:
Hani Hassan, 2013.

Visit the following page to learn more: http://http:www.hanihassan.ps
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CLIENT/STUDIO/BRAND DETAILS
NAME:
Hani Hassan Architects

PROFILE:
Hani Hassan Architects is an architectural firm founded in Bogota Colombia in 1985 and established in Ramallah, Palestine in 1997 by Hani Hassan, a passionate and committed architect who leads a group of talented architects and engineers, and has emerged as a major player in the Palestinian architecture scene, considered today one of the best architects in his country with extensive experience acquired through many years of operation. Hani Hassan decided to designed this house to be built on his own land located in Jericho , Jordan valley , palestine, Implementing bioclimatic strategies in his design to achieve the maximum comfort and energy savings possible. As an architect with concerns on global warming , his research conducted him to develop this design as part of long term total shading architecture design planing that will push his work in future project to unlimited creativity especially in desert regions. He call it the future architecture.

NOMINATION DETAILS

Desert Habitat House by Hani Hassan is a Nominee in Architecture, Building and Structure Design Category.

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AWARD DETAILS

Desert Habitat House by Hani Hassan is Winner in Architecture, Building and Structure Design Category, 2013 - 2014.



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