Tianliao Fire Station by Suiadr

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DESIGN DETAILS
DESIGN NAME:
Tianliao

PRIMARY FUNCTION:
Fire Station

INSPIRATION:
Located in Guangming District, Shenzhen, the project occupies the land of 4,099.16 m2, with the planned Huanguang Road on the west, the planned Nantian Road on the north, Nangen Road on the south and Mobi Antenna Technology (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd. on the east. As a first-class fire house, its gross floor area is 5,039.5 m2 with 3,985 m2 above the ground and 1,054.5 m2 underground. It consists of a three-story office building and a seven-story training tower.

UNIQUE PROPERTIES / PROJECT DESCRIPTION:
It's a new fire station with a centralized layout. The vertical design makes the station almost as tall as the Huanguang Road. The internal elevation of the station is higher than that of the municipal road, preventing rainwater from flowing into the inside. The layout meets the requirements of setback, sunshine and fire prevention, etc. The pedestrian entrance and exit are at the southwest side. The open areas are mainly at 1F and the mezzanine, making no influence on firemen's daily training.

OPERATION / FLOW / INTERACTION:
The parking garage for fire trucks faces the street. The visiting entrance and exit is at the southwest side of the plot. The open areas are at 1F and 2F, the foyer and canteen at 1F. Firemen's preparation rooms are on 2F with a bathroom and a shower room on the west. 3F houses offices and auxiliary rooms and the basement has an emergency storeroom and equipment room. Gardens are set at many places, enriching firemen’s life.

PROJECT DURATION AND LOCATION:
Starting time: November 10, 2016 Completion time : July 20, 2020 Location: Guangming District, Shenzhen

FITS BEST INTO CATEGORY:
Architecture, Building and Structure Design

PRODUCTION / REALIZATION TECHNOLOGY:
1. The exterior windows adopt LOW-E energy-efficient glass and thermal mortar. The roofing is paved with 50mm extruded polystyrene boards for thermal insulation. 2. The project mainly uses reinforced concrete frame structure and the base adopts independent column-shaped and bar-shaped waterproof slabs. The roof uses cast-in-situ reinforced concrete slab system with main and secondary beams. Secondary beams are set properly to reduce the plane size of slab avoiding too much material waste.

SPECIFICATIONS / TECHNICAL PROPERTIES:
Its gross floor area is 5,039.5 sqm with 3,985 sqm above the ground. It has a 3-story office building and a 7-story training tower. The floor area ratio is 0.97. The exterior windows adopt LOW-E energy-efficient glass and thermal mortar. The roofing is paved with 50mm extruded polystyrene boards for thermal insulation. The septic tank and oil separator tank adopt integrated equipment like glass steel. The energy-saving water heating system uses solar power and air force heat pump.

TAGS:
Fire station, centralized layout, standardization, setback, multi-layer public building, infrastructure, The Institute of Architectural Design and Research, Shenzhen University, Z&Z STUDIO

RESEARCH ABSTRACT:
The design must follow the research results of "the 2014 Shenzhen Fire Station Standardization Design Workshop". It shall establish the construction standards of Shenzhen fire stations. The experience of it can also provide reference for domestic fire stations. The design should satisfy basic needs, consider the possibility of the profession development, and embody the considerations of openness and cultural promotion of fire control. It has won a second prize awarded by SUIADR in 2020.

CHALLENGE:
Building setback: Due to the limited land, it was possible to set back building in accordance with the official requirements. After several times of negotiation with the planning bureau, the design team reached a reasonable bargain: the plot is set back 2.3m on the east, 6.05m on the south, 2.3m on the west and 1.8m on the north. In this way, the fire station and sports fields were reasonably arranged within the limited land.

ADDED DATE:
2021-02-01 09:06:39

TEAM MEMBERS (3) :
Zhong Zhong, Zhong Botao, Wang Min, Zhong Haihuan、Zeng Yusheng、Su Xiaoyue、Deng Rixing, Liu Mu、Yong Yong、An Huijuan、Zhou Jie、Cao Jiying、Xiong Feng、He Xiaoming、Wang Wei and Ye Zhien、Wu Zhirong

IMAGE CREDITS:
Tian Tengfei

CLIENT/STUDIO/BRAND DETAILS
NAME:
The Institute of Architectural Design and Research, Shenzhen University

PROFILE:
The Institute of Architectural Design and Research, Shenzhen University (SUIADR) Founded in 1984, the Institute is one of national class-A design institutes approved by Ministry of Construction. It has 3 branches: Shanghai Branch, Xi’an Branch and SDY Architectural Technology Research Co., Ltd. (SDYATR). It delivers various design services ranging from architectural engineering, urban planning, residential planning, drawing review to interior design, landscape design, etc. Its projects have been put into use in a dozen large- and middle-scale cities. SUIADR is a well-know design institute in China. Zhong Zhong Mr. Zhong is the professor and master tutor of College of Architecture and Urban Planning of Shenzhen University. He is the deputy chief architect of the Institute of Architectural Design and Research, Shenzhen University, as well as the founder of Z&Z Studio, and has the title of “Class 1 Registered Architect”. Mr. Zhong is the deputy secretary general of Environment & Art Committee of Guangdong Civil Engineering, a member of Guangdong Province Registered Architect Association and the deputy secretary general of Shenzhen Registered Architect Association. He was awarded 2013 Young Architect Award of Architectural Society of China and 2011 Top 10 Young Architect of Shenzhen Exploration & Design Association.

NOMINATION DETAILS

Tianliao Fire Station by Suiadr is a Nominee in Architecture, Building and Structure Design Category.

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AWARD DETAILS

Tianliao Fire Station by Suiadr is Winner in Architecture, Building and Structure Design Category, 2020 - 2021.



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