bioLogic Self-Transforming Biological Skin by Tangible Media Group, MIT Media Lab

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DESIGN DETAILS
DESIGN NAME:
bioLogic

PRIMARY FUNCTION:
Self-Transforming Biological Skin

INSPIRATION:
A millennium ago, a Japanese samurai's quest into battle took an unexpected turn. What was found on his journey was a previously undiscovered bacteria, Bacillus Subtilis Natto. Ever since this coincidental unearthing, the mysterious bacteria has become an established fermentation tool in Japan. A thousand years later, we unearthed a new behavior of this ancient bacteria: the expansion and contraction of the Natto cells relative to atmospheric moisture.

UNIQUE PROPERTIES / PROJECT DESCRIPTION:
In a bio lab, the team discovered that microscopic humidity-sensitive bacteria can be harvested and used as nanosensors and nanoactuators. Such mechanisms are applied to fabric using custom-made micro-resolution printing technology. This synthetic breathing skin is activated by perspiration and body heat. The bio-actuated material inspired the team to create a working garment to showcase the technology.

OPERATION / FLOW / INTERACTION:
The synthetic bio-skin reacts to body heat and sweat, causing flaps around heat zones to open, enabling sweat to evaporate and cool down the body through an organic material flux.

PROJECT DURATION AND LOCATION:
The project started in summer 2014 and finished in October 2015, Cambridge, MA, USA

PRODUCTION / REALIZATION TECHNOLOGY:
In a bio lab, we discovered that humidity-sensitive bacteria can be harvested as nanosensors and actuators. These mechanisms are applied to fabric using custom-made micro-resolution printing technology. This synthetic breathing skin is activated by perspiration and body heat. Based on the wearer's sweat and heat maps, tiny vents on the fabric transform the garment by curling open or closed. The pattern for the garment was created based on heat- and sweat- maps, using bespoke design simulation.

SPECIFICATIONS / TECHNICAL PROPERTIES:
Height 100 cm x Length 50 cm x Thickness 0.5 cm

TAGS:
Biological Interface, self-transforming biological skin, living bacteria, sportswear, garment

RESEARCH ABSTRACT:
Nature has engineered its own actuators, as well as the efficient material compositions, geometries and structures needed to utilize its actuators and achieve functional transformations. Inspired by these transformations, we ( working from a bio-lab at MIT ) studied the mechanical properties of Natto cells and their reaction to body temperature and humidity change. In collaboration with New Balance, we studied human heat- and sweat- maps to create a biological garment that reacts in symbiosis with the human body and its needs.

CHALLENGE:
We are Imagining a world where actuators and sensors can be grown rather than manufactured, being derived from nature as opposed to engineered in factories. bioLogic seeks a harmonious perspective, where biological and engineering approaches flow in sync. Upscaling from a micro-scale structure like a singular cell to the first transforming biological skin that can be worn and tested by a dancer was the biggest challenge. This project represented a significant scientific, engineering and design challenge.

ADDED DATE:
2016-02-27 13:18:23

TEAM MEMBERS (8) :
Lining Yao, , Wen Wang, , Guanyun Wang, , Helene Steiner,, Jifei Ou, , Chin-Yi Cheng, , Oksana Anilionyte and Hiroshi Ishii

IMAGE CREDITS:
Image #1 : Rob Chron / bioLogic, 2015, Image #2 : Rob Chron / bioLogic, 2015, Image #3 : Rob Chron / bioLogic, 2015, Image #4 : Rob Chron / bioLogic, 2015,

Video Credits: Zach Both, bioLogic, 2015

PATENTS/COPYRIGHTS:
Pending Patent No. 14927375, 2015, Lining Yao, Wen Wang, Jifei Ou, Chin-Yi Cheng, Guanyun Wang, Hiroshi Ishii, Daniel Wang, Helene Steiner, Clark Della Silva

Visit the following page to learn more: http://tangible.media.mit.edu/
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CLIENT/STUDIO/BRAND DETAILS
NAME:
Tangible Media Group, MIT Media Lab

PROFILE:
bioLogic is a research team in MIT’s Tangible Media Group in the Media Lab. bioLogic has a close industrial collaboration with New Balance. In addition, the collaboration with MIT Council for the Arts and the Royal College of Art has brought artistic components to the project as well. Under the direction of Professor Hiroshi Ishii, the bioLogic team has unearthed a new behavior of the ancient bacteria Bacillus Subtilis Natto—the expansion and contraction of the natto cells relative to atmospheric moisture. Together with New Balance, bioLogic is applying this technology to creating sportswear that regulates athletes’ body temperatures, thereby enhancing performance. Beyond the industrial collaboration, a grant from the MIT Council for the Arts enabled bioLogic to invite fashion and product designers from the Royal College of Art, to bring the project to a new artistic level.

NOMINATION DETAILS

Biologic Self-transforming Biological Skin by Tangible Media Group, Mit Media Lab is a Nominee in Textile, Fabric, Textures, Patterns and Cloth Design Category.

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AWARD DETAILS

Biologic Self-transforming Biological Skin by Tangible Media Group, Mit Media Lab is Winner in Textile, Fabric, Textures, Patterns and Cloth Design Category, 2015 - 2016.

· Read the interview with designer Tangible Media Group, MIT Media Lab for design bioLogic here.

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