Enfold: Smart Transformation Transformable fabric by Helen Koo, Jason Lin & Jasmine Zhou

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DESIGN DETAILS
DESIGN NAME:
Enfold: Smart Transformation

PRIMARY FUNCTION:
Transformable fabric

INSPIRATION:
Clothes that are easy to put on and take off will increase the independence and quality of life for people with movement disorders by respecting their dignity. Various techniques and materials were explored to develop transformable smart textiles. 'Enfold' can be as transformable as a living creature, and people can automatically put the garment on and take it off by simply pressing a button.

UNIQUE PROPERTIES / PROJECT DESCRIPTION:
Enfold is a transformable smart textiles applied cloth that folds and envelops the wearer using origami folding with shape memory alloy (SMA) to assist those who have trouble dressing by allowing the garment to wrap around and fit the wearer without outside help. These types of clothes are expected to be beneficial for people with Cerebral Palsy (CP) and also for populations with other body movement disorders and elderly people.

OPERATION / FLOW / INTERACTION:
Enfold is a transformable smart textile incorporated clothing that can be automatically worn by folding and changing the details using origami and shape memory alloy (SMA). This wearable medium is to assist those who have trouble dressing by allowing the garment to wrap around and fit the wearer without outside help. The SMA remembers its original shape and after the alloy is bent, it goes back to the original shape when it is heated. By employing SMA in the folds of fabric, the fabric can be as transformable.

PROJECT DURATION AND LOCATION:
The project started in January 2015 in Davis, California and finished in July 2015 in the FT Lab, Davis, California. The 'Enfold' was exhibited at the International Symposium on Wearable Computers (ISWC) in Osaka, Japan in 2015 and Czong Institute for Contemporary Art (CICA) New Media in Seoul, Korea in 2016.

PRODUCTION / REALIZATION TECHNOLOGY:
This technique was applied to fabric for shortening or lengthening the sleeves, closing and opening the fasteners, and widening and narrowing the back panels. After experimentation with different types of fabrics, abrasion-resistant and lightweight synthetic fabrics were chosen. These characteristics allow the fabric to sustain the folded origami shapes and the lightweight enables easier fabric transformation with less power required for the SMA. An Arduino pro mini, and a momentary pushbutton switch were used to control the transformation.

SPECIFICATIONS / TECHNICAL PROPERTIES:
Width 800mm x Height 600mm

TAGS:
Smart textile, e-textile, transformation, shape memory alloy, movement disorder

RESEARCH ABSTRACT:
The transformable smart textile incorporated jacket, Enfold was comprised of transformable clothing that folds and envelops the wearer using origami folding with shape memory alloy (SMA) to assist those who have trouble dressing by allowing the garment to wrap around and fit the wearer without outside help. These types of clothes are expected to be beneficial for people with CP and also for populations with other body movement disorders and elderly people.

CHALLENGE:
Finding the appropriate origami methods for folding the fabrics and integrating the shape memory alloy interviwening with fabrics were the challenges. Various types of fasteners were investigated after various experimentations.

ADDED DATE:
2016-02-26 06:31:52

TEAM MEMBERS (4) :
Fashion Design and Technology Lab (FT Lab), UC Davis , Director/Principal Investigator: Helen Koo, FT Lab Researcher/Designer: Jason Lin and FT Lab Researcher/Designer: Jasmine Zhou

IMAGE CREDITS:
Image #1: Photographer Jason Lin, Enfold textile, 2015
Image #2: Photographer Jason Lin, Enfold textile, 2015
Image #3: Photographer Jason Lin, Enfold jacket, 2015
Image #4: Photographer Jason Lin, Enfold jacket flat sketch, 2015
Image #5: Photographer Jason Lin, Enfold textile configuration, 2015

PATENTS/COPYRIGHTS:
Koo, H., Lin, J. & Zhou, J. (pending). Transformable Clothing. Utility. UC Case 2016-004.

Visit the following page to learn more: http://vimeo.com/131447146
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CLIENT/STUDIO/BRAND DETAILS
NAME:
Fashion Design and Technology Lab (FT Lab)

PROFILE:
Fashion Design and Technology Lab (FT Lab) pursues designs based on research by connecting new technologies to improve the quality of life and wellness. FT Lab is also an incubator for young creative designers and researchers. We develop textile and clothing designs including smart textiles and fabric sensors and products with interdisciplinary technologies for advanced aesthetic and functional values.

NOMINATION DETAILS

Enfold: Smart Transformation Transformable Fabric by Helen Koo, Jason Lin & Jasmine Zhou is a Nominee in Textile, Fabric, Textures, Patterns and Cloth Design Category.

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AWARD DETAILS

Enfold: Smart Transformation Transformable Fabric by Helen Koo, Jason Lin & Jasmine Zhou is Winner in Textile, Fabric, Textures, Patterns and Cloth Design Category, 2015 - 2016.



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