Basra was inspired by the traditional Arabian latticework window called Mashrabiya. The Mashrabiya, developed during the 12th century, caters simultaneously to climate, aesthetic, and cultural needs. Beyond its decorative presence, the Mashrabiya is traditionally used to regulate light, heat, humidity, privacy, and natural ventilation. The natural ventilation principle was adapted to Basra's seat, and it is just one of several features unique to Basra.
UNIQUE PROPERTIES / PROJECT DESCRIPTION:
Basra combines tradition with modern age and melds comfort with aesthetics.
Basra's seat angle, tension, and elasticity can be adjusted to suit the individual user's preferences. This is possible because of a closed leather band with a pattern of holes of increasing density. The band can be rotated quickly and easily by hand, changing the latticework design of the seating surface. Where the latticework design is denser, the seating surface becomes tenser and less elastic.
OPERATION / FLOW / INTERACTION:
Because of the seat's unique rotation principle, the user can easily adjust the density, tension, elasticity, and angle to his preferences. Through interactive experience the emotional bond between user and product is strengthened. The gradation pattern makes the Lounge Chair light and enhances air circulation. A seating surface with a large amount of holes is especially comfortable in summer. Additionally, the high-quality, naturally tanned leather provides an even better sitting experience!
PROJECT DURATION AND LOCATION:
This project started in April 2015 and ended in June 2015 at the University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland, Academy of Art and Design in Basel, Switzerland.
FITS BEST INTO CATEGORY:
Furniture, Decorative Items and Homeware Design
PRODUCTION / REALIZATION TECHNOLOGY:
The frame is bent from stainless steel pipes (1/2"), and the gradation pattern is punched into 3.5mm-thick, naturally tanned cow leather.
SPECIFICATIONS / TECHNICAL PROPERTIES:
Width 800mm x Depth 660mm x Height 790mm
lounge, chair, rotatable seat, ventilation design, mashrabiya, pattern, latticework
I researched the innovative transformation of the Mashrabiya in Architecture and how it has continued to inspire modern designers and architects. Furthermore, I studied the ergonomics of different lounge and sling chairs, comparing their seat, backrest angles, and proportions.
I also focused on practical experimentation in order to decide on the dimensions of the chair frame and the pattern and thickness of the seat band.
My goal was to create a lounge chair for which the user can adjust the density, elasticity, and seat angle simply by rotating his seat. I had to understand how the pattern, the thickness, the length, and the natural elasticity of the leather band all came together to affect these adjustments.
To define the correct dimensions of the frame was a challenge as well, because I had to remain cognizant that there are different seat angles and that human bodies vary in size and shape.
TEAM MEMBERS (1) :
Halima Hassan, 2015.
University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland, Academy of Art and Design